Tandem Productions (then known as "Tandem Enterprises, Inc." only in 1967) was formed in 1958 by former writers Alan David "Bud" Yorkin and Norman Lear. They first produced unsold pilots for Paramount Pictures Television. Originally, they've produced movies with United Artists, Paramount Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Warner Bros. Pictures. In 1965, Tandem produced the unsold pilot called Barnaby (not to be confused with QM's Barnaby Jones). A year later, they've produced the CBS TV special, An Evening with Carol Channing. In 1968, they've decided to focus on producing sitcoms starting with Justice for All and a year later, Those Were the Days; both were pilot shots for the ABC Television Network, but the network said they were "Too hot to handle", and both pilots were rejected. The series would later be picked up in 1970 by CBS and would air in 1971 as the new title, All in the Family. The duo would also create a in-name-only company called "Norbud Productions, Inc." and would only copyright early seasons of Sanford and Son that debuted in 1972; however, Yorkin ended his partnership with Lear in 1975 to form Bud Yorkin Productions with Saul Turteltaub and Bernie Orenstein, both writers who wrote most episodes of Sanford and Son from 1974-1977. Yorkin however, remained with Tandem as executive vice president. In 1978, Lear stepped down as production supervisor of his shows to focus on feature film. On January 6, 1982, Norman Lear and Jerry Perenchio acquired Avco Embassy Pictures Corporation from Avco Financial and merged it with T.A.T. Communications Company to become Embassy Communications, Inc. and renamed T.A.T.'s TV production division as Embassy Television and ran Tandem Productions. In 1983, Bud Yorkin sold his shares of Tandem Productions to Lear and Perenchio. In 1985, Embassy Communications, Inc. (including Tandem Productions) was sold to The Coca-Cola Company for $485 million and Tandem became an in-name-only division of Embassy Television when Diff'rent Strokes was moved to ABC after NBC canceled the show. In January 1986, Embassy and Tandem Productions created Tandem Licensing Corporation and later became an in-name only division of Embassy . When ABC canceled Diff'rent Strokes in 1986, Tandem Productions was abandoned, and all television divisions were merged into Embassy Communications in mid-1986, as EC became a full television studio rather than a holding company while Tandem still remained in-name-only. However, this company remains currently as an in-name-only unit of Sony Pictures Television under the name of Tandem Licensing Corporation.
The "Tandem" name was curiously used because when Yorkin and Lear formed the company and they were handling it during that time, they were feeling as if they were riding uphill on a "tandem" bicycle.
(1968, 1969, January 12, 1971-May 4, 1985, February 16, 1991)
Logo: Tandem Productions never had a real on-screen logo. In the ending credits of shows like All in the Family and Sanford and Son, the following text scrolls up at the end:
BUD YORKIN-NORMAN LEAR
Sometimes, it's arranged in the following way:
After 1978, Archie Bunker's Place, Diff'rent Strokes, Sanford, and Gloria feature the following text:
- Some series would feature a copyright stamp below the text, such as All in the Family from seasons 1 and 2 and always on Sanford and Son.
- Some in-credit texts would appear in shadow mode in 1975 on Sanford and Son and Maude, Good Times in 1978, and the others in 1979.
- On the All in the Family: 20th Anniversary Special in 1991, the text says:
was a BUD YORKIN-NORMAN LEAR
- On the 1968 unsold pilot for All in the Family titled Justice for All, the text says:
- An earlier version of this from the un-aired 1969 pilot of All in the Family titled Those Were the Days would appear as:
A TANDEM PRODUCTION
- Two episodes of Diff'rent Strokes, "Feudin' and Fussin" and "Thanksgiving Crossover" do not feature the Tandem credit in the closing credits. This is due to both episodes being crossovers with the 1979-80 series Hello, Larry, produced by T.A.T. Communications Company. Both episodes feature only a notice that says the episode is copyrighted by both Tandem and T.A.T.
FX/SFX: Seen on closing sequences with crawl screens. Others would appear superimposed after the credits. On Diff'rent Strokes from seasons 5-7, the text fades out.
Music/Sounds: The closing theme from the specific show.
Availability: Very common. Since it's an in-credit text, it isn't too hard to find. It's seen on All in the Family, Sanford and Son, Good Times, Maude, and Diff'rent Strokes on DVD releases as well as the two unsold pilots of Justice For All and Those Were The Days on the DVD release of the Norman Lear TV Collection. It also made an appearance on the All in the Family: 20th Anniversary Special, which can be found on VHS. It's currently seen on All in the Family, Sanford and Son, and Good Times on Get TV, Maude on FETV and Antenna TV, Archie Bunker's Place on Antenna TV, and Diff'rent Strokes on Me-TV. It was also seen on Sanford Arms (a spinoff and continuation of Sanford and Son, Sanford (the short-lived sequel of Sanford and Son), and Gloria (a spinoff of Archie Bunker's Place) It's also seen on All in the Family, Archie Bunker's Place, and Sanford on Sony Crackle.
Editor’s Note: None.
After the sale of Tandem and Embassy Television to Coca-Cola in 1985, the Tandem in-credit text was retired in favor of the Embassy Television logo on the final season of Diff'rent Strokes. Season 8 episodes had a Tandem copyright, but had the Embassy Television logo at the end.
Here is some information about the copyright stamps on the Tandem series:
- 1971-1974: Norbud Productions, Inc. © (year) All Rights Reserved. (Only used on the first 3 seasons of Sanford and Son)
- 1971-1983: Copyright © (year) Tandem Productions, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
- 1972/1978 and 1973/1977: Copyright © (year) Norbud Productions, Inc. All Rights Reserved. (Only used on a few season 2 reruns of Sanford and Son)
- 1975-1977: Copyright © Tandem Productions, Inc. (year) All Rights Reserved. (Only used on seasons 5 & 6 of Sanford and Son and Sanford Arms)
- 1983-1986: Copyright © (year) Tandem Productions. All Rights Reserved.